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    Prof. of Hepatology & Gastroenterology, Cairo University.

    Consultant of Hepatology,Gastroenterology and Endoscopy

    Management Positions: •

    Chief of Hepatology unit El Manial University Hospital (1994-1998).

    • Chief of Gastroentero ICU in Cairo university hospital (1997-2000)

    • President of the board of AlfaScope GI Specialized center (2004-2014).

    • Head of Endoscopy Unit in Cairo University Hospitals (2005-2010).       


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    استاذ الكبد و الجهاز الهضمى بكلية الطب جامعة القاهرة

    استشارى الكبد و الجهاز الهضمى و المناظير

    دكتوراه امراض الكبد و الجهاز الهضمى من كلية الطب جامعة القاهرة

    الرئيس السابق لقسم الامراض الباطنية بكلية الطب جامعة ٦ اكتوبر

    الرئيس السابق لوحدة مناظير الجهاز الهضمى و مركز الكبد و الرعاية المركزة بقصر العينى


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Esophageal webs & rings

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Esophageal webs & rings


  • Esophageal web:

A thin mucosal fold that protrudes into the lumen and is covered with squamous epithelium. Webs most commonly occur anteriorly in the cervical esophagus, causing focal narrowing in the post-cricoid area.

  • Esophageal rings: 2 types
  • Mucosal Schatzki rings (B rings):

Mucosal structures at the gastro-esophageal junction that are smooth, thin, and covered with squamous mucosa above and columnar epithelium below. This is the common type.

  • Muscular rings (A rings):

This type is rare, usually seen in children, located within 2 cm of the squamo-columnar junction, and characterized by hypertrophic musculature in the esophageal body.

The caliber of a muscular ring changes during peristalsis, distinguishing it from a peptic stricture or mucosal ring.


 Pathogenesis of mucosal rings is controversial.

 It may be due to either:

  • Chronic damage from GERD.
  • Congenital or developmental.

Pathogenesis of cervical webs is also controversial. It may be congenital or acquired as an extra-cutaneous manifestation of systemic disorders such as Epidermolysis bullosa, Bullous pemphigoid & Pemphigus vulgaris.


Esophageal rings and webs cause dysphagia to solids..

Detection is done by fluoroscopy using the full-column technique. This technique will detect 100% of esophageal rings.

Endoscopy is less sensitive in detecting esophageal rings and strictures since they will not be seen unless the lower esophagus is widely distended. Endoscopically, esophageal ring appears as a thin membrane with a concentric smooth contour that projects into the lumen.

Asymptomatic Schatzki rings are found in 6-12% of routine barium studies and in  15-25% of cases of esophageal dysphagia.

An association between mucosal rings & eosinophilic esophagitis has been reported.

Although webs have classically been associated with iron-deficiency (Plummer-Vinson syndrome), at least one epidemiologic study found no correlation between cervical webs and iron deficiency.


Esophagel webs:

  • They are usually ruptured during diagnostic endoscopy.
  • Esophageal dilation may be necessary.
  • Rarely, they are refractory to standard dilations. These are treated by endoscopic laser division.

Esophageal rings:

  • First line of treatment is dilation with a large bougie (≥50 French).
  •  Dilation can also be done with a balloon dilator that corresponds in size to a large bougie (18 to 20 mm).
  • When rings are dilated, the initial dilator used is large and reflects the goal of ring disruption.
  •  A possible alternative to dilation with a large bougie is disruption of the ring with a biopsy forceps or with electrosurgical incision.
  • Patients with multiple esophageal rings are an exception. Forceful dilation with a large caliber bougie has been associated with deep mucosal tears and esophageal perforation. Such patients should be dilated very cautiously.
  • Prospective studies suggest that symptom recurrence after dilation is probably the rule rather than the exception and should be anticipated after one year. Recurrence also develops following other methods to disrupt the ring.
  • Acid suppression may reduce the risk of recurrence as illustrated in a controlled trial, so it is recommended after dilatation to give long term PPIs.
  • Balloon dilation, steroid injection, surgery, and endoscopic incision, have been proposed to the small number of patients with lower esophageal rings that fail to respond to repeated bougie dilatation.


Last Updated on Thursday, 18 May 2017 11:13


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  • عنوان: 98 شارع التحرير , ميدان الدقي, القاهرة , مصر
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حقوق الملكية

 المعلومات الواردة في مختلف صفحات موقع د.سامح لبيب على الإنترنت هي معلومات صادرة عنه لأغراض تعليمية-خدميه. وتلك المعلومات محمية بموجب قوانين  حماية المصنفات الأدبية والفنية واتفاقيات دولية أخرى وبمقتضى القوانين الوطنية الخاصة بحقوق التأليف والحقوق المرتبطة بها. ويجوز استعراض أجزاء من المعلومات الواردة في الموقع أو نسخها أو ترجمتها لأغراض البحث أو لإجراء دراسة شخصية ولكن ليس لبيعها أو استخدامها لأغراض تجارية.

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